Matching Investments to Tax Savings Techniques
Field of Study:
Taxes aren't taxes – they are dollars in terms of the net return on investment. All tax professionals need to know the tax-economics of investing for themselves and their clients. This need is accentuated by the rapid rise of the Internet as a broad-based and effective investment tool.
The tax professional is in a special position to detect a client's need for financial planning. Preparing returns discloses assets, savings, business entities, and family members. Knowledge of the client's assets, activities and the tax characteristics of available entities permits investment matching for maximum after-tax return.
The basic tax characteristics of the primary tax entities are explored and analyzed. Their ability to defer, reduce, and eliminate tax is examined. Client goals, purposes, and risk tolerances are determined and quantitated using the Sharp ratio. Investments and assets are then evaluated using a variety of tools found on the Internet. Finally, investments and entities are matched to produce the best after-tax return for the client.
After completing this section, you should be able to:
- Identify Internet advantages including depth and volume of available fi-nancial information and specify steps in the mapping process to prepare for financial independence.
- Recognize investment planning goals and purposes, select retirement planning direction, and identify resource allocation including necessary ge-nerational changes.
- Determine the development and implementation of a financial plan for retirement by: Identifying how to manage income to generate and protect cash recog-nizing savings elements; Specifying physical and financial assets including stocks and bond types; Selecting mutual funds based upon an investor’s personal objectives and risk tolerance; and Recognizing major types of life insurance including their use as finan-cial planning tools.
- Identify active and two passive investment acquisition strategies.
- Identify tax and legal title formats and the distinctions among these entity formats by: Determining the advantages and disadvantages of holding property in-dividually and through a sole proprietorship or a corporation and asso-ciated title pitfalls; Specifying the C corporations groups including the estate-planning problems associated with each; and Recognizing advantages that partnerships may have over corporations.
- Cite the S corporation requirements and tax advantages and disadvantages particularly whose associated with incorporating a farm.
- Specify the title holding benefits of trusts, co-tenancy, partnerships, and limited liability companies and the tax characteristics of each.
- Identify the types of retirement plans used to provide lifetime benefits to a business owner and to employees, determine how title can be held on be-half of minors and the tax treatment of custodianships, and specify the tax treatment of a probate estate.
- Identify the benefits of tax deferral, the use of tax deferral under old §1034, the tax deferral advantages under §1031 and its basic elements.
- Cite the related party §1031 restrictions and prohibited parties or entities and permissible disposition exceptions, identify protections for exchange participants, and recognize multiple property exchanges.
- Recall the evolution of §1031 delayed exchanges and allowable trans-fers, determine how to select replacement property within statutory dead-lines, specify constructive receipt safe harbors, recognize methods to secure exchange party performance, and identify the §1031 partnership underlying asset rule. Recognize how to design retirement plans following basic steps, identify the most popular methods for providing for retirement, and specify near retirement investments.
- Determine the requirements for an installment sale and how to elect out of the installment method, specify variables affecting §453 availability, and recognize the use a property option to receive income and postpone tax.
- Identify tax saving credits, qualified computational expenses and their limitations and restrictions.
- Recognize the estimated tax rules, procedures including payment dead-lines, underpayment penalties and, the economics of overpaying estimated taxes, and specify the types of interest that are nondeductible including personal interest under §163(h)(1).
- Determine the deductibility of investment interest, prepaid interest, points, prepayment penalties, and the offset of passive income with rental property mortgage interest.
- Identify business vehicle operating costs using (or switching between) the actual cost method or the standard mileage rate and allocating expenses based on §162 usage, cite the importance of retaining substantiatable ex-pense and mileage records, and specify depreciation traps when purchasing a vehicle.
- Determine the requirements for business expenses and identify the busi-ness expense statutory exceptions and the application of R.R. 90-23 and R.R. 99-7 to the deduction of transportation costs to a temporary work lo-cation.
- Recognize business asset depreciation using both ACRS and MACRS recovery classes, identify sources of §172 net operating losses (NOLs) and carryback and carryover rules, cite several tax breaks for nonitemizing tax-payers, determine the advisability of filing an amended return, specify how to avoid audits by claiming refunds for provable items, and identify which return amendments are safest.
- Specify formats for income splitting, recognize the tax treatment of employee, self-employed business expenses particularly home-office ex-penses, the two non-exclusive use exceptions and, the income limitation, identify changes made to home office deduction under TRA ’97, and rec-ognize the ability of self-employeds to make annual deductible contribu-tions to a Keogh plan.
- Determine the tax opportunities available to an unincorporated business by specifically recognizing retirement plans, the hiring of family members, travel expenses, casualty losses, bad debts, and self-employment tax.
- Identify the uses and tax characteristics of regular and S corporations by: Specifying circumstances when incorporation is desirable, Determining the taxation of these entities including their ability to split income; and Specifying initial §351 formation and capitalization issues and identi-fying appropriate tax form filings for each entity.
- Recognize the use of partnerships to split income among partners specif-ically including the use of §704(e) family partnerships and the conse-quences of gifting a partnership interest to a child or to another family member.
- Identify the use of a custodianship to split income and initial planning considerations and examples of good investments for children, determine deductions and credits for childcare, education, children, and §7872 loans, and specify the income and later estate tax benefits of gifts.
- Identify tax elimination techniques by: Citing §121 home sale exclusion and its differences with prior tax law; Determining qualifications for tax-free state or local obligations spe-cifically including private activity bonds; and Specifying the tax elimination aspects of family transactions such as gifts, bequests, inheritances, life insurance, and even divorce.
- Recognize employer deductions as a means to increase tax-free incen-tive-based compensation for employees by: Specifying rules for excluding fringe benefits under §132 and their proper reporting on the W-2; and Identifying popular employee fringe benefits including employer-paid accident & health coverage, meals or lodging, cafeteria plan benefits, §127 education assistance, achievement awards, group life insurance, and dependent care assistance.
- Determine how to value fringe benefits according to IRS regulations, identify how to comply with ERISA requirements, properly report reim-bursed and unreimbursed business expenses under accountable and nonac-countable plans, recognize substantiation of auto expenses using a fixed and variable rate and specify eligible retirement benefits exempt from social security taxes.
General understanding of federal income taxation.
Type of delivery method:
Recommended CPE credits:
Final examination expiration date:
The program participant will have one year from the date of purchase to complete the course and final examination.